Qaid-e-Azam is a happy star in the history of Pakistan. He is my beloved personality, our national hero and founder of Pakistan (the center of Islam). His name is Muhammad Ali Jinnah, his father name was Poonjah Jinnah and his mother name was Mithibai Jinnah. He was born in Karachi on 25th December 1876 in a middle class family. His father was a merchant.
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After his matriculation, he was sent to England for higher education. He was a keen and upright student, who interested in legal matters. Therefore, he took admition in Law department of Lincoln’s Inn college. He studied law deeply and obtained law degree in distinguished grade. He qualified from the Lincoln’s Inn as a brilliant Lawyer and returned to India. Jinnah began his practice in Bombay when he was twenty years old. Quaid-e-Azam was the only Muslim barrister in Bombay in those days. He adopted English language for his profession throughout his life because he was in-fluent in English language. He was a successful lawyer of India. Once, Advocate General of Bombay invited him to work from his chamber but he refused. It was the peak time of his popularity.
Political Career of Quaid-e-Azam
On his return to India, he joined the Indian National Congress in 1906. He was the supporter of Hindu-Muslim unity in India. However, he become disappointed from the narrow vision of some Hindu leaders. When he came to know that some jealous Hindu leaders are not sincere to Muslims. He left Indian National Congress and decided to join the Muslim League. Quaid joined All Indian Muslim League in 1913. He worked hard for Muslim League and inspired the Muslims of India with his glorious vision, sincerity and dedication. He worked hard for a separate homeland for the Muslims.
The Hindus, the British and a section of Muslims created problems for him. They tried to hostile him but he handled the problems wisely. His aim was high and soared like an eagle. He organized the party on two nation theory. The Muslims rallied round him and provide their support to Quaid-e-Azam. In this way, the hostile forces had beaten and retrieved back.
Founder of Pakistan
Quaid-e-Azam realized the world that Hindu and Muslims are two nations. Their religion and customs are different from each other. 14 August 1947 was the day of his triumph and victory. In this way, the new Muslim country “Pakistan” appeared on the map of the world with the struggle of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
First Governor General
Just after independence, he constituted the council of Muslim leaders in which they elected Quaid-e-Azam Ali Jinnah as head of the state. He look the oath of office as the first Governor General of Pakistan, the new country.
Illness and Death
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the Quaid-e-Azam in the sense of the word. Jinnah suffered from tuberculosis from 1930s. Only his sister and few close associates were aware of his illness. His sister realized that the weather of Karachi is not good for his health. Therefore, she took him to Quetta city of Baluchistan province in June 1948. His health had been breaking down under heavy pressure of national building work. He died on 11 September 1948. He was buried at Karachi.